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ISIS Is Likely Responsible for Nearly 1,000 Civilian Deaths Outside Iraq and Syria

Recent terrorist attacks in Paris and the downing of a Russian passenger jet have focused the West’s attention on the Islamic State’s civilian toll outside Iraq and Syria. ISIS attacks targeting civilians in 2015, outside Iraq and Syria Circles represent number of deaths
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But the Islamic State, also known as ISIS or ISIL, has a history of attacking mosques, hotels, busy city streets and other civilian targets in mostly non-Western countries. If the Islamic State is responsible for the Paris killings and the explosion of the Russian plane, as officials on both sides of the Atlantic seem to believe, the civilian death toll outside Iraq and Syria would rise to nearly 1,000 since January.It would also signify a major leap in the group’s ability to direct attacks on the West.

Until now, the Islamic State has relied mainly on “lone wolf” followers to strike Western targets with relatively low-tech assaults — shootings, the taking of hostages, hit-and-runs — that draw wide attention but do not cause mass casualties.

“This is much different than a normal lone wolf-inspired attack,” Patrick M. Skinner, a former C.I.A. operations officer now with the Soufan Group, a security consultancy, said about the Paris attacks. “This was choreographed.”

“The fact that they could do this, especially in Paris, where the intelligence service is really good, clearly there’s a hole somewhere,” Mr. Skinner said.

Major events: Attacks directed by/linked to ISIS Attacks inspired by ISISArrests of suspected ISIS militants or supporters. Outlined countries are where ISIS is conducting regular military operations.
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The Islamic State has been expanding beyond its base in Iraq and Syria since it declared a caliphate, or Islamic state, in June 2014. The group is focused on three parallel tracks, according to Harleen Gambhir, an analyst at the Institute for the Study of War:

  • inciting regional conflict with attacks in Iraq and Syria;
  • building relationships with jihadist groups that can carry out military operations across the Middle East and North Africa;
  • and inspiring, and sometimes helping, ISIS sympathizers to conduct attacks in the West.
“The goal,” Ms. Gambhir said, “is that through these regional affiliates and through efforts to create chaos in the wider world, the organization will be able to expand, and perhaps incite a global apocalyptic war.”

ISIS Declares Provinces Across the Region


The Islamic State has declared official provinces — or wilayat — in areas of Afghanistan, Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and Yemen that had networks loyal to ISIS, many of which have adopted the organization’s signature brutality.

While it is still unclear to what extent the Islamic State’s core leadership in Raqqa communicates with its affiliates, Mr. Skinner said ISIS command and control was probably involved in picking the target and the timing of the Russian plane attack after its Sinai affiliate told them they had someone who could plant a bomb.

However, Mr. Skinner said, in the wake of the Paris attacks, it is more troubling that ISIS leaders appear to have the ability to direct terrorist cells in distant cities. “It’s a trilogy of terror. They control parts of Iraq and Syria, have wilayats that claim to hold territory, and now they have these cells.”

Descriptions of the Major Attacks and Arrests

All events
Asia and Australia
Middle East and North Africa
North America

Date Details
NOV. 13, 2015
President François Hollande blamed the Islamic State for terrorist attacks across Paris that killed more than 100 people. The Islamic State claimed responsiblity. MORE »
NOV. 12, 2015
ISIS claimed responsiblity for a double suicide bombing that ripped through a busy shopping district at rush hour, killing at least 43 people. MORE »
NOV. 4, 2015
ISIS’s Sinai affiliate claimed responsiblity for a suicide bombing that killed at least four police officers. MORE »
NOV. 4, 2015
ISIS claimed responsibility for a stabbing and shooting that left one police officer dead and another wounded. MORE »
OCT. 31, 2015
An ISIS affiliate in Sinai claimed responsiblity for the downing of a Russian passenger jet that killed all 224 people on board. MORE »
OCT. 24, 2015
ISIS claimed responsiblity for bombings that killed one person and wounded dozens more during a procession commemorating a Shiite Muslim holiday. MORE »
OCT. 10, 2015
Two explosions killed more than 100 people who had gathered for a peace rally in Turkey’s capital. Turkish officials believe ISIS is responsible. MORE »
OCT. 6, 2015
A series of bombings in Yemen’s two largest cities killed at least 25 people. MORE »
OCT. 3, 2015
ISIS claimed responsibilty for the shooting death of a Japanese man riding a rickshaw. MORE »
SEP. 28, 2015
ISIS claimed responsiblity for the shooting death of an Italian aid worker. MORE »
SEP. 24, 2015
At least 25 people were killed when two bombs went off outside a mosque during prayers to commemorate Eid al-Adha, a major Muslim holiday. MORE »
SEP. 18, 2015
Militants loyal to the Islamic State attacked a prison inside a Tripoli air base. MORE »
SEP. 2, 2015
Yemen’s ISIS affiliate claimed responsibility for two bombings at a mosque that killed at least 20 people.MORE »
AUG. 26, 2015
The Sinai Province of the Islamic State group claimed responsibility for three gunmen who shot and killed two police officers.
AUG. 20, 2015
An ISIS affiliate claimed responsibility for bombing a branch of the Egyptian security agency. MORE »
AUG. 12, 2015
An ISIS affiliate said it had beheaded a Croatian expatriate worker because of Croatia’s “participation in the war against the Islamic State.” MORE »
AUG. 10, 2015
New Jersey
A New Jersey man was arrested for allegedly trying to organize support for ISIS. MORE »
AUG. 8, 2015
A newlywed Mississippi couple were arrested on charges that they tried to travel abroad to join ISIS. MORE »
AUG. 7, 2015
Saudi Arabia
ISIS claimed responsibility for a suicide bombing at a mosque that killed at least 15 people, including 12 members of a Saudi police force. MORE »
JUL. 29, 2015
New York
A man from Buffalo was arrested and charged with trying to join ISIS. MORE »
JUL. 28, 2015
A Florida man was charged with planning to bomb a public beach in Key West to show his support for ISIS.
JUL. 22, 2015
The Italian police arrested two men accused of plotting attacks on national landmarks in Italy and of posting threatening messages online in support of the Islamic State. MORE »
JUL. 21, 2015
United Kingdom
A man who was allegedly planning on traveling to Syria to join ISIS was charged with plotting to run over an American serviceman stationed in Britain and then killing him with a knife. MORE »
JUL. 20, 2015
A Turkish citizen believed to have had ties to ISIS killed at least 32 people at a cultural center. MORE »
JUL. 19, 2015
Saudi Arabia
The Saudi Interior Ministry announced that security forces had arrested more than 400 people believed to be connected to ISIS over the past few months. MORE »
JUL. 16, 2015
In what appeared to be the first attack on a naval vessel claimed by Sinai Province, the ISIS affiliate said it destroyed an Egyptian naval vessel and posted photographs on social media of a missile exploding in a ball of fire as it slammed into the vessel. MORE »
JUL. 12, 2015
Following exhortations by ISIS to poison Kosovo’s food and water supplies, five people were in custody,suspected of a plot to contaminate the water supply in the capital, Pristina. MORE »
JUL. 11, 2015
ISIS claimed responsibility for an explosion outside the Italian Consulate’s compound in downtown Cairo that killed one person. MORE »
JUL. 10, 2015
In early-morning raids in Istanbul and Sanliurfa Province, Turkish police seized automatic rifles, large ammunition packs and military uniforms and arrested 21 suspected ISIS members. MORE »
JUL. 4, 2015
The son of a Boston police captain, described as mentally ill and devoted to the Islamic State, was arrested for allegedly plotting a series of deadly attacks. MORE »
JUL. 1, 2015
Militants affiliated with the Islamic State killed dozens of soldiers in simultaneous attacks on Egyptian Army checkpoints and other security installations in Egypt’s northern Sinai Peninsula. MORE »
JUN. 26, 2015
At least one gunman disguised as a vacationer attacked a Mediterranean resort, killing at least 38 people at a beachfront hotel — most of them British tourists — before he was shot to death by the security forces.MORE »
JUN. 26, 2015
A suicide bomber detonated explosives at one of the largest Shiite mosques in Kuwait City during Friday Prayer. MORE »
JUN. 17, 2015
An ISIS branch claimed responsibilty for a series of car bombings in Sana, the capital, that killed at least 30 people. MORE »
JUN. 13, 2015
New York
A college student in Queens was charged with conspiring to support a foreign terrorist organization after an investigation found he was planning to attack various New York City landmarks on behalf of ISIS. MORE »
JUN. 11, 2015
Two men were charged in Boston with conspiring to help ISIS. A third man was fatally shot the previous week by law enforcement officials who said he had threatened them with a large knife. MORE »
JUN. 9, 2015
ISIS’s Sinai province claimed responsibility for firing rockets toward an air base used by an international peacekeeping force.
JUN. 5, 2015
An explosion at a political rally in the predominantly Kurdish city of Diyarbakir killed two people and wounded more than 100. Turkish officials have said ISIS was behind the attack. MORE »
JUN. 3, 2015
ISIS is suspected of beheading 10 members of the Taliban. MORE »
MAY. 31, 2015
A suicide bomber from an ISIS affiliate killed at least four Libyan fighters at a checkpoint. MORE »
MAY. 29, 2015
Saudi Arabia
One week after a similar attack in the same region, a suicide bomber dressed in women’s clothing detonated an explosive belt near the entrance to a Shiite mosque, killing three people. MORE »
MAY. 22, 2015
ISIS claimed responsibility for a bomb attack on a Shiite mosque that injured at least 13 worshipers.
MAY. 22, 2015
Saudi Arabia
In what appeared to be ISIS’s first official claim of an attack in Saudi Arabia, a suicide bomber detonated an explosive at a Shiite mosque during midday prayer, killing at least 21 and injuring 120. MORE »
MAY. 3, 2015
Two men who reportedly supported ISIS and were later acknowledged by ISIS as “soldiers of the caliphate”opened fire in a Dallas suburb outside a Prophet Muhammad cartoon contest. MORE »
APR. 30, 2015
One of ISIS’s Yemen affiliates released a video showing the killing of 15 Yemeni soldiers.
APR. 28, 2015
Saudi Arabia
Saudi authorities announced they had arrested 65 people accused of forming a terrorist organization related to ISIS.
APR. 26, 2015
Malaysian authorities arrested 12 men charged with plotting attacks in greater Kuala Lumpur.
APR. 19, 2015
ISIS released a video of militants from two of its Libya affiliates killing dozens of Ethiopian Christians, some by beheading and others by shooting.
APR. 19, 2015
Six young men from the Somali-American community in Minneapolis were arrested in connection with a plot to join ISIS. MORE »
APR. 18, 2015
The Australian police arrested five men who they said were inspired by ISIS and planning terrorist attacks.
APR. 13, 2015
Moroccan authorities arrested five members of an ISIS-linked cell who were allegedly planning an attack in the Netherlands.
APR. 12, 2015
ISIS’s Tripoli affiliate claimed credit for a bomb that exploded outside the Moroccan Embassy.
APR. 12, 2015
ISIS militants killed at least 12 people in three separate attacks on Egyptian security forces. MORE »
APR. 12, 2015
ISIS’s Tripoli affiliate claimed responsibility for an attack on the South Korean Embassy that killed two local police officers. MORE »
APR. 8, 2015
Saudi Arabia
Gunmen opened fire on a police patrol, killing two officers.
APR. 5, 2015
Malaysian authorities arrested 17 alleged ISIS supporters suspected of planning attacks in Kuala Lumpur.
APR. 5, 2015
ISIS killed at least four people in an attack on a security checkpoint.
APR. 4, 2015
The Afghan vice president accused ISIS of kidnapping 31 civilians in February.
APR. 2, 2015
Sinai’s ISIS affiliate killed 13 people with simultaneous car bombs at military checkpoints. MORE »
MAR. 26, 2015
Federal authorities arrested an Army National Guardsman who they say tried to travel to Libya to fight on behalf of ISIS and was helping his cousin plot an attack on an American military base. MORE »
MAR. 22, 2015
Moroccan authorities arrested 13 people in nine cities linked to ISIS.
MAR. 20, 2015
An ISIS affiliate claimed responsibility for coordinated suicide strikes on Zaydi Shiite mosques that killed more than 130 people during Friday Prayer. MORE »
MAR. 20, 2015
Tunisian authorities intercepted an ISIS cell that planned to set off car bombs in multiple cities across the country.
MAR. 18, 2015
ISIS claimed responsibility for an attack on a museum that killed 22 people, almost all European tourists.MORE »
MAR. 17, 2015
New Jersey
An Air Force veteran recently fired from his job as an airplane mechanic was charged with trying to support ISIS by seeking to join the group. MORE »
MAR. 13, 2015
Saudi Arabia
Saudi authorities detained two people allegedly planning an attack on the U.S. Embassy in Riyadh.
FEB. 25, 2015
New York
Two men living in Brooklyn were charged with plotting to fight for ISIS. A third was charged with helping organize and fund their activities. MORE »
FEB. 20, 2015
ISIS’s Derna affiliate claimed responsibility for three car bombs that killed at least 40 people. MORE »
FEB. 15, 2015
ISIS released a video that appeared to show its militants in Libya beheading a group of Egyptian Christianswho had been kidnapped in January. MORE »
FEB. 15, 2015
A Danish-born gunman who was inspired by ISIS went on a violent rampage in Copenhagen, killing two strangers and wounding five police officers. MORE »
FEB. 3, 2015
French counterterrorism officers arrested eight people in the northern suburbs of Paris and in the area of the city of Lyon suspected of being part of a network recruiting people to fight in Syria. MORE »
FEB. 3, 2015
ISIS militants were suspected of killing 12 people, including four foreigners, in an attack on an oil field.MORE »
JAN. 29, 2015
ISIS’s Sinai affiliate claimed responsibility for coordinated bombings that killed 24 soldiers, six police officers and 14 civilians. MORE »
JAN. 27, 2015
ISIS’s Tripoli affiliate claimed credit for an armed assault on a luxury hotel that killed at least eight people. It was the deadliest attack on Western interests in Libya since the assault on the American diplomatic mission in Benghazi. MORE »
JAN. 24, 2015
Police arrested four men in Ceuta, a Spanish territory bordering Morocco, who were suspected of belonging to an ISIS cell and may have been planning an attack in Spain. MORE »
JAN. 23, 2015
ISIS attacked an outpost of the Lebanese Armed Forces.
JAN. 20, 2015
The counterterrorism police raided the southern town of Lunel and arrested five people suspected of being part of a group that had been recruiting people to join militants fighting in Syria. MORE »
JAN. 19, 2015
Bangladeshi authorities arrested four people who said they were with ISIS and wanted to form a caliphateand attack the government.
JAN. 18, 2015
Court documents revealed that eight Arab citizens of Israel were charged with supporting and trying to join ISIS. MORE »
JAN. 16, 2015
Police officers in Berlin raided 12 locations to detain five Turks — three of whom were later released — onsuspicion of recruiting, financing and helping Turkish and Chechen fighters get to Syria. MORE »
JAN. 15, 2015
The Belgian police conducted a dozen raids across the country to prevent “imminent” attacks. Officers killed two men they said were part of an ISIS cell after coming under fire during a raid in Verviers. MORE »
JAN. 14, 2015
A Cincinnati man was charged with a plot to attack the U.S. Capitol. In May, the Justice Department charged him with the additional crime of trying to provide material support to ISIS. MORE »
JAN. 13, 2015
Moroccan authorities arrested dozens of individuals for supporting ISIS or operating ISIS recruitment cells.
JAN. 12, 2015
ISIS’s Tripoli affiliate said they were holding 21 Egyptian Christians captive. MORE »
JAN. 11, 2015
A video surfaced of Amedy Coulibaly, one of three gunmen who attacked the newspaper Charlie Hebdo, declaring allegiance to ISIS. MORE »
DEC. 15, 2014
A gunman who said he was acting on ISIS’s behalf seized 17 hostages in a Sydney cafe. MORE »
NOV. 22, 2014
Saudi Arabia
A Danish executive was shot in his car. A group of ISIS supporters later claimed responsibility.
NOV. 2014
West Bank
Israeli security services broke up a Palestinian cell identified with the Islamic State in the West Bank city of Hebron. MORE »
OCT. 23, 2014
New York
A hatchet-wielding man charged at four police officers in Queens. ISIS said the attack was the “direct result” of its September call to action. MORE »
OCT. 22, 2014
An Islamic convert shot and killed a soldier who was guarding the National War Memorial in Ottawa, stormed Canada’s parliament and fired multiple times before being shot and killed. MORE »
OCT. 20, 2014
A 25-year-old man who had recently adopted radical Islam ran over two soldiers near Montreal, killing one.MORE »
SEP. 24, 2014
Militants kidnapped and beheaded a French tourist shortly after the Islamic State called on supporters around the world to harm Europeans in retaliation for airstrikes in Iraq and Syria. MORE »
SEP. 23, 2014
An 18-year-old ISIS sympathizer was shot dead after stabbing two counterterrorism officers outside a Melbourne police station. MORE »
SEP. 18, 2014
A man arrested during a series of counterterrorism raids was charged with conspiring with an ISIS group leader in Syria to behead a random person in Sydney. MORE »

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This entry was posted on 2015-11-18 by in News Articles.
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